Management of border crossing points (BCPs)

Article 1

Decree No. (313) of 2009

The dependency of all land, sea and air ports shall be assigned to the General People’s Committee for General Security.

Article 1

Decree No. (54) of 2012

All land, sea and air ports of entry shall be put under the control of the Ministry of Interior within a period of no more than two weeks following the date of issuance of this decree.

Article 2

Decree No. (145) of 2012

The Ministry of Interior shall undertake the implementation of legislation, laws, regulations, decisions, and the necessary measures and procedures that ensure the country's security and the protection of lives and property. It shall also undertake the implementation of policies, plans and programs necessary for the implementation of legislation in the field of security and police. In particular, it shall have the following powers: [...] 16. Manage the affairs of passports, nationality, and identity cards, civil status affairs, and the foreigners’ residence and immigration and control the entry and exit through entry points prescribed for this purpose.

Article 3

Law No. (10) of 2010

The Secretary shall determine the land routes between the borders and the customs stations, as well as the times and conditions for the means of transport to cross the customs borders to transport goods.

Article 1

Law No. (82) of 1970

A public institution shall be established called the “Libyan General Ports Authority.” It shall have independent legal personality and shall be subordinate to the Minister of Transport.

Article 30

Decree No. (472) of 1985

On the basis of the Proposal of the director of the General Department of Passports and Nationality, the General People’s Committee for Justice shall issue organising decisions for the following matters: a) Application forms for obtaining and renewing travel documents, as well as all related additions, inclusions, and amendments. b) Determining the bodies that are permitted to request the revocation of a travel document or to refuse to issue or renew […]

Article 2

Law No. (4) of 1985

The General Department of Passports and Nationality shall bear exclusive responsibility for issuing, renewing, and revoking passports, and for conducting all the activities related thereto inside Libya […]

Article 13

Decree No. (247) of 1989

The General Department of Passports and Nationality shall be responsible for granting all types of visas and extending the residence period granted by the visa. People’s Bureaus and political representation delegations abroad shall be responsible for granting entry visas for the purposes of tourism, visits, official missions, and transit visas […]

Article 17

Decree No. (247) of 1989

The rules and procedures required for granting entry visas for the purposes of work, visits, education, official missions, joining a foreign resident, and tourism, shall be determined by virtue of a decision issued by the director of the General Department of Passports and Nationality.

Article 12

Decree No. (1160) of 1990

The General Department of Passports and Nationality shall be responsible for the following […]: 5. Control exit and entry movement from and into Libya through the prescribed ports therefor. 6. Perform the functions of foreigner affairs, and the residencies, visas, deportations, and extraditions thereof […]

Articles 2 and 3

Law No. (10) of 2010

Article 2 Customs offices and entry points shall be established and their competencies determined by a decision by the Secretary. Customs stations and offices designated upon the entry into force hereof shall be considered to be designated or established under its provisions. Goods may only be imported or exported to or from the country through customs stations. Means of transport may only cross the Libyan customs borders through a customs office […] Article 3 The Secretary shall determine the land routes between the borders and the customs stations, as well as the times and conditions for the means of transport to cross the customs borders to transport goods.

Article 45

Law No. (10) of 2010

1. The administration shall exercise its competencies in the customs territory according to the conditions defined in the present law […]

Articles 8, 10 and 11

Decree No. (145) of 2012

Article 8 The General Directorate for Border Security shall have the following duties: 1. Develop security plans and executive programs to achieve the goals and objectives to protect points of entry and the important and vital facilities and buildings therein, so as to ensure the implementation of these plans as required. […] Article 10 The General Directorate for Coastal Security shall have the following duties: 1. Develop and implement the necessary plans to protect, guard, and secure the Libyan coasts. […] Article 11 The General Directorate for Combating Illegal Immigration shall have the following duties: 1. Prepare the maps locating specific border control points, routes, and locations of desert border patrols. […]

Article 3

Decree No. (746) of 1993

The Agency shall be responsible for implementing all functions necessary to protect the coast, including providing work necessities for what it implements itself or through volunteers, and other functions undertaken by the masses of the People’s Congresses or the General People’s entities […]

Article 12

Decree No. (137) of 2004

The Department shall issue, in coordination with the competent customs authority, entry permits into the special zone for licensed business owners. It shall also issue permits for workers of licensed facilities.

Article 2

Decree No. (184) of 2012

The committee formed by Article (1) of this decree shall be responsible for overseeing illegal immigration, including monitoring temporary housing stations for illegal immigrants, and supervising the procedures of their deportation.

Article 3

Decree No. (386) of 2014

The Authority shall be responsible for exercising the following competencies: 1. Participate in preparing and implementing joint security plans that ensure the preservation of security and public order in the country. 2. Study and draft strategic plans for limiting the phenomenon of illegal immigration to the Libyan state. 3. Prepare and implement security plans to combat crimes of human smuggling and infiltration […]

Article 3

Decree No. (815) of 1990

The Customs Authority shall be responsible for the following: a. Implement the Customs Law, collect fees for imports and exports, implement all requirements by the legislation regulating import and export, monitoring money, boycotting the Zionist enemy, and other legislation that grant jurisdiction thereto. All customs agencies, branches, and offices throughout all of Libya shall be directly affiliated with the Authority. It shall be conducted by the Supervision, Monitoring, and Guidance Authority under the legislation in force. b. Prepare and train Customs Guard personnel.

Article 1

Decree No. (2) of 2016

A regular military force shall be established in accordance with the provisions of this Decree called the “Presidential Guard.” It shall be directly subordinate to the Commander-in-Chief, and shall enjoy independent financial and administrative liability. It shall be responsible for performing the following functions: […] Secure and guard active targets, including land, sea, and air entry ports, water sources and lines, and electrical power stations […]

Article 11

Law No. (10) of 1992

The police agency shall be responsible for preventing, detecting, and pursuing crimes. It shall also control traffic, reform and rehabilitation affairs, civil defence work as well as passport, nationality, personal identification cards, and foreigners’ affairs, in addition to any other competences stipulated by the legislation in force.

Article 4

Decree No. (392) of 2000

The Guard shall work under the supervision and oversight of a committee called the Land Border and Crossings Security Committee. The committee shall be responsible for setting the Guard’s general policy and overcoming any potential difficulties. It shall be composed of the following: […]

Article 2

Decree No. (247) of 1989

New points of entry and exit from Libyan territory may be established and determined by virtue of decrees issued by the General People’s Committee. Any of the areas stipulated in the previous article may be closed by virtue of a proposal from the General Department of Passports and Nationality.

Article 5

Law No. (10) of 2010

Goods exported from Libyan territory shall only be subject to customs duties and other fees if a decision in this regard is issued by the General People's Committee based on a proposal by the Secretary.

Article 38

Decree No. (137) of 2004

The Customs Authority shall be responsible for monitoring goods in transit during the passage thereof through the Great Jamahiriya. It shall coordinate with the Department in this regard during the presence of the goods in free zones.

Article 17

Decree No. (7) of 2012

The Security and Stability Office shall be responsible for: […] - Analyse risks, set priorities, follow up on emergency plans, and coordinate between various sectors in their regard. - Prepare reports on the performance of the Defence and Interior ministries to build the military and security institutions for the purpose of providing security and examine the necessary requirements. - Monitor projects related to security and stability, including the protection of the border, military laws and regulations, the intelligence service, training and rehabilitation, the security of ports, and passports. […]

Article 1 bis

Resolution No. (16) of 2012

Subject to the competences of civil institutions and entities in the State, the aforementioned military zones and districts shall be entrusted with the following duties. 1. Duties of military zones: […] - Execute all orders and instructions issued by higher levels. 2. Duties of military districts: […] - Execute all instructions and orders issued by the zone commander.

Article 5

Decree No. (212) of 2009

The General Department of Passports and Nationality shall facilitate and expedite the completion of entry and exit procedures for foreigners through the prescribed ports. It must use modern technological means to regulate and precisely execute these procedures. For this purpose, the Authority shall use modern means of recognition, including “digital fingerprint,” and “visual recognition,” etc. Brotherhood Bureaus, People’s Bureaus and consulates shall […]

Article 8

Decree No. (247) of 1989

Lists containing the names of foreigners banned from entry or exit shall be drafted in Arabic, with names also written in Latin letters in alphabetical order. The lists must encompass all distinguishing information about the relevant person. Copies shall be distributed to entry and exit ports as well as People’s Bureaus.

Article 10

Decree No. (247) of 1989

After a deportation decision has been issued, the foreigner’s name must be added to the list of people banned from entry.

Article 10

Decree No. (50) of 1990

The Committee shall have an administrative secretariat responsible for the functions of archiving and documentation.

Article 25

Decree No. (472) of 1985

The numbers of documents issued to each person must be consistent. The number of the last issued valid travel document shall be considered his main number, and all entries in previous files shall be collected in the file of the last travel document.

Article 15

Decree No. (678) of 1986

The General Directorate for Passports and Nationality, sea affairs unit, and Libyan Arab Airlines company shall prepare registers to record and control all issued passports and comprehensive data on the bearer of the passport.

Article 61

Law No. (10) of 2010

[…] Such manifest shall be signed by the captain and it shall include the name of the ship, its nationality, type of goods, quantity of packages, their marks and numbers, the names of the consignor and the consignee, the description of packaging, and the seaports from which the goods are shipped.

Article 83

Law No. (10) of 2010

[…] The customs declaration shall be recorded, and its date of registration and annual serial number shall be noted, after verifying its conformity with the provisions of the present law.

Article 10

Decree No. (145) of 2012

The General Directorate for Coastal Security shall have the following duties: 7. Prepare the records of ships and fishing and recreational boats, collect data about them, and issue licenses and license plates for the same.

Article 11

Decree No. (145) of 2012

The General Directorate for Combating Illegal Immigration shall have the following duties: 6. Documented the records and data related to infiltrators, smugglers, people with expired visas, and people caught being and residing in the country illegally.

Article 204

Law No. (10) of 2010

Smuggling or attempted smuggling shall be penalized by a fine not exceeding three times the due customs duties in addition to three times the value of the goods, or the amount of LYD 1000 – whichever is greater – and by imprisonment for a period not exceeding six months, or by both penalties.

Article 144

Law No. (81) of 1970

The following shall be sentenced to a penalty of no less than 10 LYD and no more than 100 LYD: […]

Article 145

Law No. (81) of 1970

The following shall be sentenced to a penalty of no more than 50 LYD: […]

Article 146

Law No. (81) of 1970

Anyone who violates the provisions of Articles (70), (71), (73), (81), (86), (87), Paragraphs (2), (115), (123), and (138) of this law shall be sentenced to a penalty of no less than 20 LYD and no more than 100 LYD.

Article 147

Law No. (81) of 1970

The captain of any ship who fails to seek assistance from the services of the pilot, except if he is permitted to do so by the Port Authority due to an urgent necessity, shall be sentenced to a penalty of no less than 100 LYD and no more than 200 LYD.

Law No. (10) of 2010

Part (7) Customs Violations Chapter (1) Customs Violations

Article 203

Law No. (10) of 2010

Any of the following acts shall be considered as smuggling: […]

Article 1

Law No. (19) of 2010

In application of the provisions of this law, an illegal immigrant shall be anyone who enters the territory of the Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya or resides therein without permission or authorisation from the competent bodies, with the intent to settle therein or cross to another country.

Article 2

Law No. (19) of 2010

The following shall be deemed acts of illegal immigration: 1. Admission of illegal immigrants into the country or removal therefrom by any means. […]

Article 3

Law No. (19) of 2010

Anyone who employs an illegal immigrant shall be penalised by a fine of no less than 1,000 LYD and not exceeding 3,000 LYD.